Effective potentials and basis sets

Group # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Period
1 1
H

2
He
2 3
Li
4
Be

5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3 11
Na
12
Mg

13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4 19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5 37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6 55
Cs
56
Ba
*
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7 87
Fr
88
Ra
**
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
8 119
120
***

* Lanthanides 57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
** Actinides 89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr
*** 121
122

 

Our group proposed a generalization of the "shape-consistent" Effective Core Potential (ECP) method (which is widely used in the electronic structure calculations of molecules with heavy atoms) for both nonrelativistic [1,2] and relativistic cases [3,4]. In these papers, the widespread conception about necessity of the "shape-consistent" ECP generation for the nodeless pseudoorbitals (to avoid the singularities when inverting the Hartree-Fock equations) was overcome, and the outermost core pseudoorbitals together with the valence pseudoorbitals which may have nodes were included in the ECP generation scheme for the use in precise calculations.

It was shown that the difference between the valence and outer core effective potentials with the same angular (l) and total (j) electronic momenta should be taken into account to perform precise Relativistic ECP (RECP) calculations, and a new (Generalized RECP or GRECP) operator including non-local terms with the projectors on the outer core pseudospinors additionally to the conventional semi-local RECP operator was proposed. These correcting terms are especially important for accurate simulation of interactions with the valence electrons [3,4].

Test atomic numerical self-consistent field calculations [4,5] demonstrated that such a modification of the original semi-local RECP operator permited to increase the accuracy of simulation of an atomic Hamiltonian about 10 times in the valence region when reducing 2-3 times the radii of the atomic core regions where orbitals are smoothed by any manner. Then the calculations with accounting for the correlation effects on the Hg and Pb atoms [6,7] confirmed high accuracy of the GRECP method in reproducing the all-electron relativistic results. The good agreement of the experimental spectroscopic constants with the results of the GRECP correlation calculations on the HgH and Ca2 molecules [8,9] also shown reliability of the GRECP method.

Accounting of contribution from Breit interactions in the framework of the GRECP method was considered in [8,10]. The theory of the GRECP approach is presented in [11]. The reviews of the GRECP method can be found in [12,13,14].

[1] A.V.Titov, A.O.Mitrushenkov, and I.I.Tupitsyn, Chem.Phys.Lett. 185, 330 (1991).
[2] N.S.Mosyagin, A.V.Titov, and A.V.Tulub, Phys.Rev.A 50, 2239 (1994).
[3] I.I.Tupitsyn, N.S.Mosyagin, and A.V.Titov, J.Chem.Phys. 103, 6548 (1995).
[4] N.S.Mosyagin, A.V.Titov, and Z.Latajka, Int.J.Quant.Chem. 63, 1107 (1997).
[5] N. S. Mosyagin, A.N. Petrov, A.V.Titov, and I.I.Tupitsyn, In: Recent Advances in the Theory of Chemical and Physical Systems ["Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics" series], Eds: J.-P. Julien, J.Maruani, D.Mayou, S.Wilson and G.Delgado-Barrio, v.15, chapt.2, pp. 229-252 (2006).
[6] N.S.Mosyagin, E.Eliav, A.V.Titov, and U.Kaldor, J.Phys.B 33, 667 (2000).
[7] T.A.Isaev, N.S.Mosyagin, M.G.Kozlov, A.V.Titov, E.Eliav, and U.Kaldor, J.Phys.B 33, 5139 (2000).
[8 ] N.S.Mosyagin, A.V.Titov, E.Eliav, and U.Kaldor, J.Chem.Phys. 115, 2007 (2001).
[9] N.S.Mosyagin, A.N.Petrov, A.V.Titov, and A.V.Zaitsevskii, Int.J.Quant.Chem. 113, 2277 (2013).
[10] A.N.Petrov, N.S.Mosyagin, A.V.Titov, and I.I.Tupitsyn, J.Phys.B 37, 4621 (2004).
[11] A.V.Titov and N.S.Mosyagin, Int.J.Quantum Chem. 71, 359 (1999).
[12] A.V.Titov and N.S.Mosyagin, Rus.J.Phys.Chem. 74, Suppl. 2, S376 (2000).
[13] A.V.Titov, N.S.Mosyagin, A.N.Petrov, and T.A.Isaev, Int.J.Quant.Chem. 104, 223 (2005).
[14] N.S.Mosyagin, A.Zaitsevskii, and A.V.Titov, International Review of Atomic and Molecular Physics 1, 63 (2010).